Wednesday, 21 June 2017

KURDISTAN REGION - IRAQ - Herêmî Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan, officially called the Kurdistan Region (Central Kurdish: هه‌رێمی کوردستان‎, translit. Herêmî Kurdistan; Syriac:ܩܠܝܡܵܐ ܕܟܘ̣ܪܕܸܣܬܵܢ‎ , Arabicإقليم كردستان‎, translit. Iqlīm Kurdistān‎) by the Iraqi constitution, is located in the north of Iraq and constitutes the country's only autonomous region. It is frequently referred to as Southern Kurdistan (Central Kurdish:باشووری کوردستان‎; Northern KurdishBaşûrê Kurdistanê), as Kurds generally consider it to be one of the four parts of a Greater Kurdistan, which also includes parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Syria (Rojava or Western Kurdistan), and northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan).
The region is officially governed by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), with the capital being Erbil. Kurdistan is a parliamentary democracy with its own regional Parliament that consists of 111 seats. Masoud Barzani, who was initially elected as president in 2005, was re-elected in 2009. In August 2013 the parliament extended his presidency for another two years. His presidency concluded on 19 August 2015 after the political parties failed to reach an agreement over extending his presidency term. The new Iraqi constitution defines the Kurdistan Region as a federal entity of Iraq, and establishes Kurdish and Arabic as Iraq's joint official languages. The four governorates of DuhokHawlerSilemani, and Halabja comprise around 41,710 square kilometres (16,100 sq mi) and have a population of 5.5 million (2015) (2015 estimate). In 2014, during the 2014 Iraq Crisis, Iraqi Kurdistan's forces also took over much of the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Kurdistan is one of the rarest region to get stamped and postmarked envelopes. Eventhough it is not international recognized as a sovereign nation, They use own postal service, own stamps etc. On september 25, 2017, the country is going to be independent as a sovereign nation, Then the postal system will be fully working and can easily get the mails from Erbil. Right now they use the stamps in the name as Kurdistan region - Iraq, or Iraqi Kurdistan. This cover arranged by my good friend Michal from Slovakia, with the help of his friend who live in Bagdhad, he usually goes to Erbil. The mails travel with Kurdistan internationally , but for safety he took back the cover as postmarked and sent back from Iraq in another cover. My another friend is visiting soon Erbil, my self prepared envelopes already with him, eagerly waiting for the internationally travelled airmail registered cover from Kurdistan. Thank You Michal for the big help.

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